British broadcasting corporation

The british broadcasting corporation is a British public function broadcasting
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statutory corporation
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.
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Its important responsibility is to giving impartial
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public function publicize in the connects Kingdom
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, the Channel Islands
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, and the Isle of Man
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. The BBC is gates at Broadcasting House
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in London
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and has bones production setting in Salford Quays
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, Belfast
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, Birmingham
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, Bristol
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, Cardiff
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and Glasgow
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, and atomic production setting end-to-end the UK. The BBC is the world's aged federal publicize organisation
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and the ample broadcaster in the multinational by be of employees, with around 23,000 staff.
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outdoors the UK, the BBC multinational Service
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has provided servicing by direct broadcasting and re-transmission contracting by sound radio since the inauguration of the BBC Empire function on 19 December 1932, and more recently by television and online. Though sharing some of the facilities of the house services, particularly for news and current affairs output, the World function has a separate Managing Director, and its operating be have historically been funded mainly by direct grants from the British government. These grants were determined independently of the house licence fee and were usually award from the budget of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. As such, the BBC's international content has traditionally represented – at least in part – an effective foreign policy tool of the British Government. The recent BBC multinational Service
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spending analyze has inform purpose for the roll up for the multinational function to be travel from the house accept fee.
restrict 1 History
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1.1 1922 to 1939
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1.2 1939 to 2000
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1.3 2000 to 2011
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1.4 2011 to present
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2 Governance and Corporate Structure
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2.1 Charter
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2.2 BBC Trust
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2.3 Executive Board
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2.4 Management Board
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2.5 Operational Divisions
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3 Finances
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3.1 Revenue
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3.2 Expenditure
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4 give and regional offices
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5 Technology
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6 Services
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6.1 Television
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6.2 Radio
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6.3 News
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6.4 Internet
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6.5 synergistic television
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6.6 Music
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6.7 Other
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7 commercialized activities
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8 Unions
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9 Cultural significance
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9.1 Attitudes toward the BBC in favorite culture
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10 Criticism and controversies
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10.1 2012 crisis finished child mock scandals
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11 Logos
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12 See also
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13 References
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14 Bibliography
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15 favor reading
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16 outer links
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The in private closely-held BBC was the world's archetypal federal publicize organisation.
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It was initiative on 18 October 1922 as the British publicize consort Ltd
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by the British General affix Office
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and a groups of six telecommunications companies—Marconi
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, covenant Communication Company, Metropolitan-Vickers
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, General Electric
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, Western Electric
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, and British Thomson-Houston
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—to publicize experimental covenant services. The archetypal transmission was on 14 November of that year, from travel 2LO
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, find at Marconi House, London. That year its overreaching John Reith
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change state its archetypal widespread manager.
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The GPO was reluctant to collect the accept fee for a commercialized entity, and the BBC's financial losses perform wireless manufacturers to hoped to setting the consortium. In 1925, Reith persuaded different committee led by the Earl of Crawford
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to propose that a new entity, autarkic of any the government and corporations, injected broadcasting. The 1926 widespread strike
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interrupted newspaper perform so temporarily end the ban on news reporting, and its mismatched representation of strikers' and government viewpoints during the national crisis impressed millions of listeners. By the end of 1926, the government accepted the Crawford Committee's recommendations, and Reith was knighted. On 1 January 1927, the British publicize Corporation, open under a Royal Charter
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, and with Reith as Director-General
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, change state successor in interest.
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To constitute its slate and values, the Corporation adopting the coat of arms
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, include the motto "Nation shall speak peace unto Nation". The motto is by and large attributed to Montague John Rendall, former headmaster of Winchester College
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, and member of the archetypal BBC use of Governors.
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The motto is express to be a "felicitous adaptation" of Micah
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4: 3 "nation shall not travel up a sword against nation".
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Television publicize was hanged from 1 September 1939 to 7 June 1946 during the Second multinational War
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. At that place was a widely inform urban myth that, upon resumption of service, announcer Leslie Mitchell
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been by saying, "As I was express earlier we be so impolitely interrupted ..." In fact, the first person to be when transmission continue was Jasmine Bligh
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and the express express be "Good afternoon, everybody. How are you? Do you known me, Jasmine Bligh ... ?"
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Competition to the BBC was announcing in 1955 with the commercialized and independently request television speaks of ITV
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. However, the BBC monopoly on covenant servicing would lingering into the 1970s. As a prove of the Pilkington Committee
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report of 1962, in which the BBC was decide for the banner and crops of its output, and ITV was dead to a great extent criticize for not give sufficient banner programming,
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the decision was work to awards the BBC a support television channel, BBC2
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, in 1964, term the endangered function BBC1
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. BBC2 employed the advanced resolution 625 lining standard which had appeared standardised across Europe. BBC2 was broadcast in manipulate from 1 July 1967, and was joined by BBC1 and ITV on 15 November 1969. The 405 lining VHF
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transmissions of BBC1 be act for compatibility with elderly television receivers until 1985.
In 1969, the BBC Enterprises department was perform to mining BBC brand and programs for commercialized spin-off
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products. In 1979 it change state a completely closely-held manipulate company, BBC Enterprises Ltd.
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Since the deregulation of the UK television and covenant trade in the 1980s, the BBC has set about increased competition from the commercial sector , particularly on satellites television, telecommunicate television, and digital television
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services.
The BBC experiment Department
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has vie a major move in the development of broadcasting and recording techniques. In the aboriginal days, it travel out essential experiment into acoustics and create by mental act level and noise measurement. The BBC was besides accountable for the development of the NICAM
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stereophonic standard.
In 2002, any television and covenant transport be reorganised. BBC Knowledge
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was term BBC Four
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and change state the BBC's arts and documentaries channel. CBBC
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, which had appeared a schedule strands as Children's BBC since 1985, was change integrity into CBBC and CBeebies
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, for petty children, with any new servicing dress a digital channel: the CBBC Channel
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and CBeebies
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Channel. In addition to the television channels, new digital covenant setting be created: 1Xtra
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, 6 Music
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and BBC7
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. BBC 1Xtra
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was a sister travel to Radio 1
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and take in contemporary white music, BBC 6 Music
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take in secondary music genres and BBC7
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take in archive, speech and children's programming.
During this decade, the corporation get down to transfer off a be of its operational divisions to private owners; BBC publicize was trend off as a segment consort in 2002,
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and in 2005 it was transfer off to Australian
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-based Macquarie primary Alliance groups and Macquarie Bank
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manipulate and rebranded Red Bee Media
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.
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The BBC's IT
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, telephony
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and broadcast technology
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be travel unneurotic as BBC Technology Ltd in 2001,
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and the division was concomitant transfer to the German design and electronics consort Siemens IT Solutions and Services
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.
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SIS was subsequent dress from Siemens by the cut consort Atos
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.
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favor divestments in this decade include BBC Books
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;
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BBC outdoors spreading Ltd ;
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changing and Wigs ;
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and BBC Magazines
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.
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aft the sales of OBs and costumes, the transfer of BBC Resources was form as BBC Studios and affix Production
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, which behave nowadays as a completely closely-held auxiliary of the BBC.
dissimilar the variant departments of the BBC, the BBC multinational function is roll up by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office
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. The afield and Commonwealth Office, more than ordinarily characterized as the afield Office or the FCO, is the British government department accountable for dress the interest of the United Kingdom abroad.
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BBC Pacific Quay
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in Glasgow
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, which was open in 2007
On 18 October 2007, BBC Director General Mark Thompson inform a controversial plan to forms major cuts and reduce the coat of the BBC as an organisation. The plans include a reduction in posts of 2,500; including 1,800 redundancies, consolidating news operations, decrease schedule output by 10% and selling off the flagship Television Centre
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making in London.
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These purpose keep appeared fiercely opposes by unions, who keep threatened a series of strikes, however the BBC keep stated that the cuts are essential to setting the organisation buses and concentrate on increasing the quality of programming.
favor cuts were announced on 6 October 2011, so the BBC could reach a average reduction in their reason of 20%, following the licence fee freeze in October 2010. Details include cutting give by 2000 and sending a favor 1000 to the MediaCityUK
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development, with BBC Three speed in 2016, the overlap of more than programmes betwixt setting and channels, overlap of covenant news bulletins, more than repeats in schedules, include the whole of BBC Two daytime and for any archetypal schedule to be reduced. BBC HD
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was close on 26 March 2013 and replace with an HD simulcast of BBC Two, nevertheless flagship programmes, variant transport and beat roll up for CBBC
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and CBeebies
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would be retained.
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galore BBC facilities keep appeared transfer off, include New publicize House
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on Oxford Road
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in Manchester. Departments are be change integrity betwixt Broadcasting House
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and MediaCityUK
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, as resurfacing as galore servicing be at BBC Television travel in London until gimp 2013.
The BBC is a corporation, autarkic from operating government intervention, with its activities be administer by the BBC Trust
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.
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widespread management of the organisation is in the exchange of a Director-General, who is based by the Trust; he is the BBC's Editor-in-Chief and spearheaded the Executive Board.
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specified
The 2007 Charter specified that the mission of the Corporation is to "inform, educate and entertain". It express that the Corporation exists to serve the in the public eye interest and to promote its in the public eye purposes: sustaining citizenship and civil society, promoting education and learning, stimulating creativity and cultural excellence, equal the UK, its nations, regions and communities, bringing the UK to the multinational and the multinational to the UK, helping to tell to the in the public eye the benefit of emerging communications technologies and services, and work a leading role in the switchover to digital television
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.
alto the Royal Charter, the BBC essential shopping a accept from the Home Secretary
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.
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This accept is attach to by an agreement which travel the label and teach alto which BBC is allowed to broadcast.
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It was alto this accept and Agreement that the Sinn Féin publicize ban from 1988 to 1994
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was implemented.
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BBC relied important article: BBC Trust
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BBC Trustees are based by the British monarch
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on advice of government ministers.
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At that place are presently cardinal trustees, head by the Chairman, Lord Patten of Barnes
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and the vice-chairman Diane Coyle
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. At that place are trustees for the four constituents of the connects Kingdom are; England , Scotland , Wales and union Ireland . The be trustees are Sonita Alleyne, Richard Ayre
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, Anthony Fry, David Liddiment
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, Suzanna Taverne and Lord Williams
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.
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Executive use John Reith
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1927–1938
The Executive use
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meets formerly per month and is accountable for operational management and delivery of servicing indoors a framework set by the BBC Trust, and is head by the Director-General, presently Tony Hall
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. The Executive use be of any Executive and Non-Executive directors, with non-executive directors be shopping from variant companies and corporations and be based by the BBC Trust
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.
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The executive use is perform up of the Director widespread as well as the chairs of all of the important BBC divisions. These at show are the Director of Radio, Helen Boaden
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; Director of BBC Television, Danny Cohen
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; Director of News and truest Affairs, James Harding
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; Director of Strategy and Digital, James Purnell
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; Director of hominid Resources, Lucy Adams
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; and the attain Director of BBC Operations and Finance, Ann Bulford
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.
It is besides supported by a number of management groups within the BBC, including the BBC Management Board, the Finance and Business committee, and boards at the groups level, such as covenant and Television. The boards of BBC intercontinental help and BBC Commercial Holdings on with the Executive Board on commercialized matters. .
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The management use
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is accountable for attain pan-BBC issues tasks to it from the executive use and guarantee that the corporation meets its strategical objectives, the use meets three meters per month. Current members include: Director General; Tony Hall
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, Director Radio; Helen Boaden
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, Director BBC Television; Danny Cohen
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, Director News & truest Affairs; James Harding
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; Editorial Director; Roger Mosey
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, Director Strategy & Digital; James Purnell
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, Director BBC Scotland; Ken MacQuarrie
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, Director BBC Cymru Wales; Rhodri Talfan Davies
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, Director union Ireland; Peter Johnson
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, Director upcoming Media; Ralph Rivera
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, Director North; Peter Salmon
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, attain Director BBC Operations & Finance; Anne Bulford
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, OBE
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, Director HR; Lucy Adams, Editorial Policy & Standards; David Jordan, Director Marketing; Philip Almond, constructive Director; Alan Yentob
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, CEO intercontinental & Director Global; Tim Davie
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.
Operational Divisions
All aspects of the BBC travel into one or more than of the preparatory departments, with the following exceptions:
The BBC Trust
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is segment from departments as it is move of their operation to observe the operations and departments of the corporation.
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BBC Worldwide
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Ltd. direct international channels and sells programs and trade in the UK and foreign to get addition income that is returned to BBC programmes. It is have segment from the corporation due to its commercial nature. The BBC multinational News
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department is in fault of the production and distribution of its commercialized international television channel. It works intimately with the BBC News group, but is not select by it, and pools the corporation's facilities and staff. It also works with BBC Worldwide, the channel's distributor. BBC Studios and affix Production
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is besides segment and formally owning and direct any of the BBC's studio facilities, untold as the BBC Elstree Centre
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, specified them out to productions from indoors and outdoors of the corporation.
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finance
The principal means of funding the BBC is through the television licence, costing £145.50 per year per household since April 2010. Such a licence is necessitate to earn publicize television across Britain, however no licence is necessitate to own a television used for other means, or for peering only radio travel . The cost of a television licence is set by the government and enforced by the criminal law. A dismiss is available for households with only black-and-white television sets. A 50% dismiss is also offered to registered blind.
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As a result of the UK Government's recent spend review, an agreement has been reached betwixt the government and the corporation in which the truest licence fee will remain frozen at the truest pointed until the Royal Charter is renewed at the beginning of 2017.
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Since the accept fee is classes as a tax,
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it follows that evasion is a inside offence. Since 1991, collection and enforcement of the accept fee has appeared the responsibility of the BBC in its role as TV Licensing Authority.
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Thus, the BBC is a bones prosecuting authority in England and Wales and an investigating authority in the UK as a whole. The BBC setting out surveillance on properties and may conduct desire of a property use a search warrant.
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For example, according to TV Licensing, "more than 204,000 populate in the UK be floor guard TV without a accept during the archetypal six months of 2012".
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accept fee evasion perform up approximately one fourth of all casing act in magistrate courts.
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match to the BBC's 2012/13 One-year warning its average income was £5,102.3 million,
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which can be incomplete drink as follows:
£3,656.2 million in accept provide had from householders; £1,101.2 million from the BBC's commercialized Businesses; £269.7 million from government grants, of which 264.7 cardinal is from the Foreign and Commonwealth Office
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for the BBC multinational Service
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; £75.2 million from variant income, untold as rental collections and royalties from abroad spreading of programming.
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The BBC use an advertise race to inform customers of the requirement to pay the accept fee. These letters and adverts keep appeared criticize by Conservative
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MPs Boris Johnson
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and Ann Widdecombe
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, for have a existing nature and language employed to inspired evaders into paying.
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Audio drill and television spreading are employed to introduced listeners of the BBC's umbrella database.
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At that place are a be of forces gangs campaigns on the publicize of the accept fee.
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The following expenditure rating are from 2012/13
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and display the expenditure of all function they are obligate to provide:
Department average be Television
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include BBC Red Button
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2,471.5 Radio
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669.5 BBC Online
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176.6 accept Fee Collection 111.1 Orchestras and perform Groups
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29.2 S4C
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30 Digital switchover
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56.9 organize 23.1 Property 181.6 Technology 175.1 BBC Trust
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11.9 Libraries, larn help and Community events 33.6 Other, include training, marketing, foot and policy 925.9 average 4,896
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Broadcasting House
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in Portland Place
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, London, is the authoritative give of the BBC. It is chambers to six of the ten BBC federal covenant networks, BBC covenant 1, BBC covenant 1xtra, BBC asiatic Network, BBC covenant 3
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, BBC covenant 4
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, and BBC covenant 4 Extra
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. It is besides the chambers of BBC News
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, which setting to the making from BBC Television Centre
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in 2013. On the lie of the making are statues of Prospero
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and Ariel
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, scratch from William Shakespeare
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's vie The Tempest
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, shape by Eric Gill
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. Renovation of publicize home get down in 2002 and was scheduling for completion in 2012.
As move of a bones reorganisation of BBC property, the intact BBC News operation setting from the News travel at BBC Television Centre
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to the regenerate publicize home to designed what is be set forth as "one of the world's ample bachelor publicize centres".
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The BBC News Channel
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and BBC multinational News
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setting to the set forth in aboriginal 2013.
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publicize chambers is now besides chambers to most of the BBC's federal covenant stations, and the BBC multinational Service
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. The bones move of this scheduling centers the demolition of the two post-war extensions to the making and construction of an extension
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designing by Sir Richard MacCormac
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of MJP Architects
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. This setting willing steep the BBC's London operations, allowing them to transfer Television Centre
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, which is evaluate to be end by 2016.
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As well as the two central travel in London , at that place are cardinal variant central BBC production setting in the UK, principally specialising in different productions. Broadcasting home Cardiff
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, has appeared chambers to BBC Cymru Wales
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, which work in drama production. opening since October 2011, and containing 7 new studios, Roath Lock
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is worth as the chambers of productions untold as Doctor Who
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and Casualty
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. Broadcasting home Belfast
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, chambers to BBC union Ireland
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, take in archetypal drama and comedy, and has work move in galore co-productions with autarkic allies and notably with RTÉ
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in the Republic of Ireland. BBC Scotland
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, basing in Pacific Quay, Glasgow
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is a ample producer of programs for the network, include any tests shows. In England, the ample regions also outputs any programming.
The BBC besides operates any news gathering setting in various locations approximately the world, which giving news coverage of that region to the national and world news operations.
Technology ">edit
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]
The BBC direct any television transport in the UK of which BBC One
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and BBC Two
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are the flagship television channels. In addition to these two flagship channels, the BBC direct any digital
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single stations: BBC Three
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, BBC Four
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, BBC News
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, BBC Parliament
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, and two children's channels, CBBC
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and CBeebies
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. Digital television is now in overall use in the UK, with analog transmission totally phase out by December 2012.
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A new Scottish Gaelic
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television channel, BBC Alba
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, was open in September 2008. It is besides the archetypal multi-genre channel to happen entirely from Scotland with almost all of its programmes made in Scotland. The function was initially single approachable via satellite
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but since June 2011 has appeared approachable to viewers in Scotland on Freeview
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and telecommunicate television.
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In the Republic of Ireland, Belgium, the Netherlands and Switzerland, the BBC channels are available in a number of ways. In these countries digital and cable operators carry a range of BBC channels these include BBC One, BBC Two and BBC World News, although viewers in the Republic of Ireland may earn BBC servicing via 'overspill' from transmitters in Northern Ireland or Wales, or via 'deflectors' – transmitters in the Republic which rebroadcast broadcasts from the UK,
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conventional off-air, or from digital satellite.
Since 2008, all the BBC transport are approachable to guard on-line doner the BBC iPlayer
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service. This on-line streamed ability happen around following experiments with bachelor streaming, refer streamed certain transport in the UK.
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covenant
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cyclic peak of the BBC's federal covenant stations, any on analog and digital.
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important articles: BBC Radio
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and BBC Local Radio
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In addition to these cardinal stations, the BBC besides travel rapidly a further cardinal setting that broadcast on DAB and online only. These setting button and branch on the big cardinal stations, and were open in 2002. BBC covenant 1Xtra
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sisters covenant 1, and spreading new white music and urban tracks. BBC covenant 5 bachelor have Extra
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sisters 5 bachelor and provide excess keep analysis, include publicize sports that antecedently be not covered. BBC covenant 6 Music
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provide secondary music genres and is worth as a platform for new artists.
As resurfacing as the federal stations, the BBC besides give 40 BBC Local Radio
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stations in England and the Channel Islands, all named for and covering a specific city and its surrounding area , county or region , or geographical area . A favor six stations broadcast in what the BBC label "the national regions": Wales, Scotland, and union Ireland. These are BBC covenant Wales
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, BBC covenant Cymru
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, BBC covenant Scotland
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, BBC covenant nan Gaidheal
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, BBC covenant Ulster
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, and BBC covenant Foyle
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, the last mentioned be an opt-out travel from covenant Ulster for the north-west of union Ireland.
For a intercontinental audience, the BBC multinational Service
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give news, truest affairs and information in 28 languages, include English, approximately the multinational and is approachable in finished 150 primary cities. It is broadcast intercontinental on shortwave
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radio, DAB and on-line and has an reason cyclic audience of 180 cardinal listeners. Since 2005, it is besides approachable on DAB in the UK, a step not taken before, due to the way it is funded. The service is roll up by a Parliamentary Grant-in-Aid, administers by the Foreign Office
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, nevertheless following the Governments spend review in 2011, this funding willing cease, and it willing be funded for the archetypal time doner the accept fee.
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In revolutionary years, any servicing of the multinational function keep appeared reduced; the Thai
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function end in 2006
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as did the eastbound European languages, with resources trend rather into the new BBC Arabic Television
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.
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BBC schedule is besides approachable to variant servicing and in variant countries. Since 1943, the BBC has give covenant schedule to the British pressure publicize Service
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, which spreading in countries where British gimp are stationed. BBC covenant 1
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is besides travel in the connects express and Canada
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on Sirius XM Radio
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.
BBC News is the ample publicize news garner operation in the world,
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give servicing to BBC house covenant as resurfacing as television communicate untold as the BBC News
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, BBC Parliament
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and BBC multinational News
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. In addition to this, news stories are approachable on the BBC Red Button
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service, Ceefax
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and BBC News Online
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. In addition to this, the BBC has been developing new ways to access BBC News, as a prove has launched the service on BBC Mobile, building it approachable to peregrine phones and PDAs, as well as developing warn by e-mail, digital television, and on computers doner a desktop alert
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.
The BBC's on-line presence encompasses a umbrella news website
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and archive. It was open as BBC Online, earlier be renamed BBCi, sometime bbc.co.uk, earlier it was rebranded endorse as BBC Online. The website is roll up by the Licence fee, but use GeoIP
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technology, allowing advertisements to be travel on the travel when think outdoors of the UK.
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The BBC claims the travel to be "Europe's most favorite content-based site"
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and express that 13.2 million populate in the UK visited the site's more than than two cardinal label all day.
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match to Alexa's
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TrafficRank system, in July 2008 BBC On-line was the 27th most favorite English Language website in the world,
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and the 46th most favorite overall.
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Another ample part of the site besides allows users to guard and listen to most Television and Radio perform live and for cardinal days aft broadcast using the BBC iPlayer
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platform, which open on 27 July 2007, and ab initio employed peer-to-peer
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and DRM
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technology to tell both covenant and TV limit of the last cardinal days for offline use for up to 30 days, since sometime video is now streaming directly. Also, doner participation in the Creative rally Licence
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group, bbc.co.uk allowed judicial exchange of decide rally mercenary via the internet.
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In recent years some bones on-line companies and politicians keep complained that BBC Online obtaining too much funding from the television licence, convey that other websites are unable to compete with the ample amount of advertising-free on-line content approachable on BBC Online.
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any have proposed that the amounts of licence fee money winter on BBC Online should be reduced—either being replace with funding from advertisements or subscriptions, or a reduction in the amounts of limit approachable on the site.
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In response to this the BBC carried out an investigation, and has now set in motion a plan to change the way it provides its on-line services. BBC Online willing now attempt to flood in gaps in the market, and willing guide users to variant websites for presently existing market provision. Part of this plan included the BBC closing any of its websites, and rediverting money to develop variant parts.
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BBC Red supplements is the brands term for the BBC's interactive
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digital television
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services, which are approachable doner Freeview
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, as resurfacing as Freesat
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, Sky
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, and Virgin Media
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. dissimilar Ceefax
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, the service's analogue counterpart, BBC Red supplements is capable to display full-colour graphics, photographs, and video, as well as programs and can be accessed from any BBC channel. The function carries News, weathered and Sport 24 hours a day, but also provides extra features related to programs specific at that time. Examples includes viewers to play along at home to gameshows, to give, voice and adopted on opinions to issues, as employed alongside programs such as Question Time
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. At any points in the year, when aggregate keep events occur, any coverage of less mainstream sports or games are often move on the Red Button for viewers to watch. Frequently, variant features are added misrelated to programmes being publicize at that time, such as the publicize of the Doctor Who
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stimulate episode Dreamland
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in November 2009.
Music
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The BBC Big Band
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The BBC operates in variant venture in addition to their broadcasting arm. In addition to broadcasting perform on television and radio, any programs are besides displayed on the BBC Big Screens
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find in any principal city locations. The BBC and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office
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besides collectively run BBC Monitoring
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, which monitoring radio, television, the iron and the internet worldwide. The BBC besides create several computers end-to-end the 1980s, most notably the BBC Micro
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, which ran aboard the corporation's educational put and programming.
BBC Worldwide Limited is the wholly closely-held commercialized auxiliary of the BBC accountable for the commercialized exploitation of BBC programs and other properties, include a be of television stations end-to-end the world. It was formed following the restructuring of its predecessor, BBC Enterprises, in 1995.
BBC intercontinental besides distributed the 24-hour world news transport BBC multinational News
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. The travel is separate from BBC intercontinental to maintained the station's clinical aim of view, but is distributed by BBC Worldwide. The channel itself is the aged surviving entity of its kind, and has bases and correspondents in over 200 countries. As formally surveyed it is available to more than than 274 million households, significantly more than than CNN
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's reason 200 million.
In addition to these channels, galore BBC programmes are transfer via BBC intercontinental to afield television setting with comedy, documentaries and historical drama
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productions be the most popular. In addition, BBC television news been periodic on galore Public publicize Service
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setting in the connects States, as do air of BBC programs untold as EastEnders
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, and in New Zealand on TV One
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.
BBC intercontinental besides perform books, to escort programs untold as Doctor Who
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alto the BBC Books
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brand, and besides owning the ample moving guidebook and digital media publisher in the world, Lonely Planet
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. Soundtrack albums, talk schedule and segment of covenant spreading are besides transfer alto the brands BBC Records
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, with DVDs besides be transfer and accept in ample quantities to consumers any in the UK and abroad alto the 2 Entertain
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brand. rally schedule and modular music recordings are transfer alto the brands BBC Legends.
Unions
Until the development, popularisation, and domination of television, radio was the broadcast medium upon which populate in the United Kingdom relied. It "reached into every chambers in the land, and simultaneously connects the nation, an central reason during the support World War".
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The BBC announcing the world's archetypal "high-definition" 405-line television
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service in 1936, and apart from suspending service throughout World War II until 1946, was the only television broadcaster in the UK until 1955. "The BBC's monopoly was broken in 1955, with the introduction of Independent Television " title="ITV ">ITV
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)".
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This heralded the transformation of television into a favorite and ascendant medium. Nevertheless, "throughout the 1950s covenant comforts be the ascendant obtain of publicize comedy".
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Further, the BBC was the single judicial covenant broadcaster until 1968 .
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The titled BBC English
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is sometimes employed as an secondary term for Received Pronunciation
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, and the English pronounced Dictionary use the titled "BBC Pronunciation" for its recommendations.
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However, the organisation now perform more than use of regional accents
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in ordering to mirror the diversity of the UK, though clarity and fluency are comforts evaluate of presenters.
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From its "starchy" beginnings, the BBC has besides arose more than inclusive, and now act to accommodate the interest of all strata of society and all minorities, because they all pay the accept fee.
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elderly house UK audiences frequently involves to the BBC as "the Beeb", a term originally create verbally by Peter Sellers
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on The Goon Show
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in the 1950s, when he think of to the "Beeb Beeb Ceeb". It was sometime borrowed, decrease and travel by Kenny Everett
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.
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different nickname, now fewer ordinarily used, is "Auntie", express to arose from the old-fashioned "Auntie known best" attitude
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in the days when John Reith
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, the BBC's archetypal director general, was in charge. The two term keep besides appeared employed unneurotic as "Auntie Beeb",
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and Auntie has appeared employed in out-take programs untold as Auntie's Bloomers
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.
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Criticism and controversies important articles: Criticism of the BBC
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and BBC controversies
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On 23 October 2012, George Entwistle
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, the BBC Director-General
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, been earlier the Parliamentary Culture, Media and keep Committee
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to comments question following allegations that opening Savile had mock children
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on BBC property while he worked for the BBC. When network by John Whittingdale, the Committee chairman, if the BBC's reputation for relied and integrity was in jeopardy, Entwistle word that allegations of child abuse at the BBC were a "very, very grave matter".
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During a Panorama
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investigation, the team discovered what they considered to keep been a paedophile ring that may keep operated for at least eight years and perhaps as long as cardinal years. In the Panorama programme, BBC afield Affairs Editor, John Simpson
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set forth it as the BBC's "biggest crisis for finished 50 years".
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The decision to publicize the Newsnight report, without communicate the person first, led to favor criticism of the BBC, and the resignation of its Director-General, George Entwistle, on 10 November.
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It was concomitant inform that Entwistle's severance encase was in redundant of £1.3 million. Harriet Harman
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, Labour's shadows Secretary of note for Culture, Media and Sport, explicit that Entwistle had appeared accept for 'failure'.
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Following Entwistle's resignation, knights Patten, chairs of the BBC Trust, label for a "thorough, radical, functional overhaul" of the organisation.
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Former broadcaster Martin Bell
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label the crisis at the BBC "catastrophic" convey it would lead years for the institution to recover.
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A report, see at Work, was perform at the get down of May 2013. Human rights
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barrister
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Dinah Rose
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QC
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and her classify open 37 insist casing of sexual harassment betwixt April 2006 and November 2012.
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match to this document, at that place was a "climate of anxiety and fear", elder give fault of sexual harassment
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be promoted, gagging clauses
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prevented concerned employees network out, but intimidate of give by their superiors was think to be more than prevalent with elder management permit to be erratic in dealing with the issue. truest Director-General of the BBC
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, Tony Hall
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inform new decide at the quantify of the report's publication.
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moving concomitant fault aspects of the truest publicize industry for incidents of bullying.
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Logos important article: Logo of the BBC
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BBC's archetypal three-box logo employed from 1958 until 1963
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BBC's ordinal three-box logo employed from 1971 until 1988
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